Buscar piso sin morir en el intento

looking for a flat in germany

Tanto si buscáis un piso  como si buscáis una WG la cosa se complica bastante dependiendo en que ciudad de Alemania viváis, pero no os preocupéis que aquí os voy a dar unos consejos.

Como empezar

A los Alemanes les encantan las entrevistas, así que preparad vuestra mejor sonrisa (y un montón de información sobre vosotros) que vais a tener que dar una muy buena impresión. Otro dato importante es que en este país es muy común que los pisos estén sin amueblar (las WG ó pisos compartidos también). Llevarse la casa a cuestas es  normal. Aquí os enseño las tres opciones que os vais a encontrar:

1. Piso sin amueblar (lo más normal) – Unmöblierte Wohnung

2. Piso con cocina incluida: Esta se suele comprar al arrendatario anterior o bien se “compra” mientras se paga el alquiler, ya que se incluye en el precio del mismo

3. Piso amueblado: Mucha suerte!! Los muebles se suelen comprar al dueño o a los antiguos inquilinos. – Möblierte Wohnung

WG-Piso compartido

Si buscáis una habitación en un piso (WG) donde podáis conocer gente, os recomiendo esta web: http://www.wg-gesucht.de/ es la que mejor funciona.

Aquí podéis ver fotos de vuestra futura habitación y toda la información relativa a precios, que tipo de persona buscan en el piso y disponibilidad. Os recomiendo contactar con muchos pisos (donde vuestro perfil encaje) y escribir toda la información posible sobre vosotros en el email: edad, aficiones, trabajo, sueldo…

Cuanto más escribáis mayores opciones de recibir una respuesta. Si aún no domináis el alemán no tengáis miedo de escribir en inglés! La mayoría de la gente contesta sin problema.

looking for a flat in Germany

Piso invidual

Aquí la cosa se complica un poco más. Hay varias webs pero la más conocida es esta: http://www.immobilienscout24.de/.

Si para encontrar una WG os he recomendado contactar con muchas, aquí os recomiendo un esfuerzo doble. En Düsseldorf (así como en Köln), la demanda es muy grande y los precios de los pisos están elevándose cada día un poco más. Siempre que sea posible llamad por teléfono para conseguir una cita, muchas veces las inmobiliarias no contestan los e-mail si ya tienen varios candidatos.

Aquí la entrevista varía un poco, hay veces  esta está programada para que dure 15 minutos y otras veces puedes estar durante una hora hablando con el dueño. Todo depende de cuanta información queráis obtener el uno del otro.

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El arrendador

En Alemania hay varios tipos de arrendadores:

  • Particulares
  • Inmobiliarias

Muchas veces los dueños del piso son flexibles y dejan que los arrendatarios hagan la pre- selección (de ahí que los horarios de visita puedan ser más limitados). Otras veces son las propias inmobiliarias las que se encargan del proceso (sobre todo cuando el piso lleva algún tiempo vacío), en este último caso hay muchas opciones de que lleve a cabo una jornada de puertas abiertas. Esto consiste en citar a 10-20 personas el mismo día  a la misma hora para ver el piso.

Tras pasar la pre- selección (enhorabuena!) ahora llega el momento de la verdad y es entonces cuando el arrendador decide quien va a ser el futuro inquilino en función a un montón de documentos que os va a hacer rellenar

Los documentos 

Tanto para la WG como para el piso los propietarios suelen pedir información sobre el sueldo neto de la persona (a veces incluso piden una copia del contrato de trabajo). Otros documentos que os pedirán serán:

  • SCHUFA
  • Auskunft: Documentos con información personal como ingresos, número de cuenta, estado civil,etc…

looking for a flat in germany

SCHUFA

Este concepto no existe en otros países como Francia o España. La SCHUFA es un documento oficial donde consta que una persona tiene o no deudas e impagos. Los arrendadores lo solicitan para asegurarse que no están alquilando su piso a un moroso. Si lleváis menos de 3 anos en el país puede que no podáis solicitarlo, depende de cada persona. Aquí tenéis más información: https://www.schufa.de/de/.

Redes sociales 

Muchas veces en los grupos de expatriados de facebook la gente que se muda publica anuncios avisando que su piso se queda libre. Estad al tanto! Suele ser una manera bastante rápida para poder organizar una visita sin tener que depender de la inmobiliaria desde  el primer momento.

Ahora que sabéis todo lo que hay que hacer os recomiendo ¡Mucha paciencia! Y os deseo ¡¡mucha suerte!!

How to find a flat and not die trying

No matter whether you are looking for a flat or for a shared-flat (WG), in Germany you will have to work hard to get one.

Depending in which city you are looking, it can be really complicated to find something suitable: Either the properties are really expensive, or the demand is too high. This does not happen all around the country, but mostly in big cities such as Münich, Düsseldor or Cologne.

In this post I would like to provide you with some useful advice, so that you find the flat of your dreams when living in Germany.

Looking for a flat

Before start looking for the perfect flat, you have to decide whether you want to live alone or whether you want to share a flat with other people. Both options have advantages and disadvantages in terms of costs, cohabitation and daily life.

Once you have decided what is more suitable for you, you can start dealing with the whole looking-for-a-flat process.

First of all, you should know that flat interviews are really important here in Germany. If you succeed to get one, it does not mean that the landlord or your future roommates are willig to have you in their flat. It just means that they are willing to know you better and, therefore, you are going to pass a “test”, where they will ask you many personal questions. So, when looking for a flat apply to offers only if you can fulfill all the requirements. For example: If the offer says that the owner of the flat looks for someone without pets and you have a dog, do not apply.

Secondly, you should be aware that germans love to rent unfurnished apartments. Yes, this includes apartments without kitchen furniture. However, not all the flats are empty.

Here you can find all the possibilities of the market:

1. Unmöbilierte Wohnung: Unfurnished apartment (the most common thing). In this case you will have to buy and bring your own furniture and once you move out, you will need to leave the flat totally empty.

2. Unmöbilierte Wohnung + Küche: In this case, the former tenant is taking all his/her forniture but the kitchen. In most of the cases, they will sell the kitchen, which lead to:

  • The price of the kitchen is not included in the rent: You will have to buy the kitchen to the former tenant before renting the flat.
  • The price of the kitchen is included in the rent: You buy the kitchen buy increasing the basic monthly rent, until you pay the whole amount.

3. Möblierte Wohnung: If you are interested in a furnished flat be careful. Here there are also different options:

  • You have to buy the furniture to the former tenant
  • You have to rent the furniture to the flat’s owner (this does not happen so often)
  • You do not need to pay for the furniture at all

WG: Shared-flat

If you are new in the city and you would like to meet new people I highly recommend you to take a look at WG-Gesucht . It is the best website to find a WG o shared flat.

Here I also recommend you to apply to the right offers. Therefore, check if your hobbies, way of life, age, gender… match the requirements written in the room offer. And do not forget that the more E-mails you send, the higher the chance to get invited to a flat interview.

If you german is still not good enough, do not panic! You can always contact your future roommates in English, usually young people are quite flexible when it comes to speak in other languages but german.

Finally, remember that if you are not living in Germany and you cannot attend an in-person interview, you can ask for a skype/zoom call.

Rent a flat

Here it comes the difficult part.

There are a lot of websites to look for a flat. However, the most commonly used is ImmobilienScout24.

Finding a flat in Düsseldorf and Köln is a tough task since the demans is really high. Prices are also increasing rapidly. Therefore, if you find any interesting flat, I recommend you to contact the real state agency by telephone (if possible), because once they have a considerable amount of candidates requests they do not answer more emails.

If you succeed to have a personal interview with the landlord or real state in the flat, take into account that it might not be a one-to-one interview, but a group one. This means that you won’t be alone while visiting the property, but with 20-30 more people. If this happens, remember that the more you show interest for the flat, the higher chance you have to get a contract. Try to ask many questions and to spend some minutes alone with the owner or the real state employee.

The landlord

In Germany you can find different kinds of landlords:

  • Private landlords
  • Real states

Depending on the landlord, the former tenant can carry out a pre-selection of candidates and send their information to the landlord. This information is very useful if you already know someone who is planning to move out. This person could talk his landlord about you and invite you both to have a personal interview in the flat.

Most of the times, however, the owners of the flat like to make this pre-selection themselves. How do they do it? Easily, they base this pre-selection on the E-mails and calls that they receive when posting the renting offer online. Therefore, when you contact the landlord or real state, you have to sell youself, you have to show them that you are the right person for the flat. In Germany, the impression matters the most.

Once the pre-selection process is done, you will be invited to a personal interview. As I previously mentioned, this can be privat or in group. Do not forget to be prepared to answer and ask many questions. If you really like the flat, do not hesitate to show your interest.

Finally, if the personal interview went well, you will have to give the landlord thousand of documents such as information about your income.

The documents

As I previosly said, landlords want to know more about you before allowing you to rent their place (this applies also to WGs or shared-flats). Therefore, they will ask you for the following documents:

  • Net income of the last year or the last three months (depending on the landlord)
  • SCHUFA*
  • Auskunt: Here they include all the documents related to your personal information such as: Family status, bank account, anmeldung and former address.

*SCHUFA

I know this concept does not exist in other european countries, so let’s see what is this weird thing.

The SCHUFA is an official document that shows how realiably you have met your financial obligations and landlords (and other entities) use it to decide how worthy you are of being granted further obligations, in this case, how worthy you are of paying the rent every month. In this page you can find more information about it.

Social Networks

And last but not least, Social Networks!

These are helpful tools to find a flat in Germany. Here you can find various expat groups where people post information when they move out and leave their flats. Contacting them can be a good way to be pre-selected for a flat visit.

Be patient and keep looking!  In the meanwhile I wish you good luck!

 

In case you want to share your experience, feel free to leave a comment below or to contact me via social networks. I am always thrilled to read more about you!

 

*Please, note that I am not an English native speaker. Therefore, you may find some spelling mistakes in this post. Feel free to let me know it and help me improve my English skills.

New tips to find a flat before your arrival

 

wg looking flat

Although a couple of days ago I already talked about the process of looking for a flat in Germany,

I would like to show you a website I found out a few days ago. This web is really useful to find the perfect flat, not only in Germany but in many other countries.
I know how difficult can be (sometimes) to move to a new country: new life, new people, new culture… That is the reason why I like to live in shared flats. I find them an easy way to meet new people and to spend time with them once you arrive to a new place. The web that I found out helps people in this process. It is called Beroomers and it is a spanish start up located in Valencia which help students to find a flat before moving to another country.

How it works

You just have to go to the website, look for a flat which fits your requirements and book it. I find it a simple and fast way to find a flat before your arrival. I recommend you to have a look to its blog, where you can find advices, where to go in your new city, where to live and personal experiences from other people who was in the same situation as you before.

wg looking flat

Why a shared flat?

I love to share a flat when I live abroad. In my opinion it is an easy way to get to know new people ready to make plans and organize trips and parties with you. I like the feeling of coming back home after a long day and knowing that your roomies are there waiting to tell you all about their day and to listen to your stories. And the most interesting part, most of the roommates are not only simple roomies, most of them become part of your life. They become true friends no matter where you go after this adventure.

Beroomers

Here you can find the links to the website:  http://www.beroomers.com/ and to the blog: http://www.beroomers.com/blog. I recommend you to have a look, I am sure you will find the perfect apartment and the perfect roommates. If you need some advice or you have some doubts you can always contact them by their online chat, it is really helpful.

It is time to enjoy your new flat!

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